INFOCENTRE » Aikido Terms
Shi (or yon)
Shichi (or nana)
Kyu (or ku)
Harmonising of Ki.
One who participates in Aikido.
Leader of the way, world Aikido leader, head of budo.
The basic aikido stance, half body, as in facing forward with left or right foot forward.
One point (lower abdomen, approximately 50mm below navel) physical & spiritual center.
Free style practice.
Vital force of Mind, Body and Spirit.
Staff practices with a partner.
Sword practices with a partner.
Kyu grade students, before reaching Dan grade.
Attack intervals. One must keep the proper attack intervals.
Gazing at the distant mountains. This means to focus the eyes at a distance.
The person performing the technique.
"The Great Teacher", Founder of Aikido - The Late Morihei Ueshiba.
Formal kneeling position.
Master, instructor (6th Dan & above).
Front of a dojo, often there is a photo of the Founder, also front or top of head.
Japanese straw mat.
The person receiving the technique.
The way of receving techniques.
Dan grade students.
Remaining mind or heart. Even after an aikido technique has been completed, one should remain in a balanced and aware state.
Altering step, left and right, like normal walking.
Rowing boat exercise, standing up.
Hai shin undo
Rotation move or turning move.
Front roll or break-fall.
Sliding step, front leg slide and back leg follow.
Cutting in four directions.
Tai no tenkan
Turning move or changing direction.
Following step, back foot following and not passing front foot.
General term for break-fall techniques.
Back roll or break-fall.
STANCE AND ATTACKS
Same foot forward stance.
Collar grip by the neck.
Nage kneels, uke standing.
Defense against Jo attacks.
Kata men uchi
Shoulder grab and execute a straight frontal strike to the top of the head with the other hand.
Both hands grab partner's wrist.
Thrust, straight punch to chest or stomach.
Positive move, entering to the front of the partner.
Ryo hiji dori
Two hands grab both of the partner's elbows.
Ryo kata dori
Two hands grab both of the partner's shoulder.
Two hands grab both of the partner's wrists.
Thrust, straight punch to the face.
Straight strike to the top of the head.
Defense against Bokken attacks.
Defense against Tanto attacks.
Negative move, entering to the rear or behind of the partner.
From the rear or behind.
Ushiro hiji dori
Two hands grab from behind both of the partner's elbow.
Ushiro kubi shime
Rear or neck choke with one hand from behind and grab at the wrist with the other hand.
Ushiro ryo kata dori
Two hands grab from behind both of the partner's shoulder.
Ushiro ryote dori
Two hands grab from behind both of the partner's wrists.
Strike to the side of the head or neck.
1st immobilisation lock.
2nd immobilisation lock.
3rd immobilisation lock.
4th immobilisation lock.
5th immobilisation lock.
TECHNIQUES AND THROWS
Crossed arm throw.
Method for using breath.
Wrist throw or outer wrist twist.
Four directions throw.
Corner drop throw.
Heaven and Earth throw.