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INFOCENTRE » Aikido Terms
Expand / HideBASIC TERMS
Ichi
One
Ni
Two
San
Three
Shi (or yon)
Four
Go
Five
Roku
Six
Shichi (or nana)
Seven
Hachi
Eight
Kyu (or ku)
Nine
Ju
Ten
Expand / HideGENERAL TERMS
Ai
Harmonising.
Aiki
Harmonising of Ki.
Aikidoka
One who participates in Aikido.
Bokken
Sword.
Chudan
Middle position.
Dachi
Stance.
Do
The Way.
Dojo
Training hall.
Doshu
Leader of the way, world Aikido leader, head of budo.
Gedan
Lower position.
Hajime
Begin.
Hanmi
The basic aikido stance, half body, as in facing forward with left or right foot forward.
Hara
One point (lower abdomen, approximately 50mm below navel) physical & spiritual center.
Hidari
Left.
Jiyu waza
Free style practice.
Jo
Staff.
Jodan
Upper position.
Ki
Vital force of Mind, Body and Spirit.
Kohai
Junior.
Kumi jo
Staff practices with a partner.
Kumi tachi
Sword practices with a partner.
Kyu
Kyu grade students, before reaching Dan grade.
Ma ai
Attack intervals. One must keep the proper attack intervals.
Matte
Stop.
Metsuke
Gazing at the distant mountains. This means to focus the eyes at a distance.
Migi
Right.
Nage
The person performing the technique.
O'Sensei
"The Great Teacher", Founder of Aikido - The Late Morihei Ueshiba.
Rei
To bow.
Seiza
Formal kneeling position.
Sempai
Senior.
Sensei
Teacher, instructor.
Shihan
Master, instructor (6th Dan & above).
Shomen
Front of a dojo, often there is a photo of the Founder, also front or top of head.
Tanto
Knife.
Tatami
Japanese straw mat.
Uke
The person receiving the technique.
Ukemi
The way of receving techniques.
Waza
Technique.
Yame
Finish.
Yudansha
Dan grade students.
Zanshin
Remaining mind or heart. Even after an aikido technique has been completed, one should remain in a balanced and aware state.
Expand / HideMOVEMENT
Ayumi ashi
Altering step, left and right, like normal walking.
Funakogi undo
Rowing boat exercise, standing up.
Hai shin undo
Back stretch.
Hidari
Left.
Irimi
Entering move.
Kaiten
Rotation move or turning move.
Mae ukemi
Front roll or break-fall.
Migi
Right.
Okuri ashi
Sliding step, front leg slide and back leg follow.
Shiho giri
Cutting in four directions.
Shikko
Knee walk.
Soto
Outside.
Tai no tenkan
Body turns.
Tenkan
Turning move or changing direction.
Tsugi ashi
Following step, back foot following and not passing front foot.
Uchi
Inside.
Ukemi
General term for break-fall techniques.
Ushiro ukemi
Back roll or break-fall.
Expand / HideSTANCE AND ATTACKS
Ai hanmi
Same foot forward stance.
Atemi
Strike.
Eri dori
Collar grip by the neck.
Gyaku hanmi
Opposing stance.
Hanmi handachi
Nage kneels, uke standing.
Hiji dori
Elbow grab.
Jo tori
Defense against Jo attacks.
Kamae
Stance.
Kata dori
Shoulder grab.
Kata men uchi
Shoulder grab and execute a straight frontal strike to the top of the head with the other hand.
Katame waza
Immobilization techniques.
Katate dori
Wrist grab.
Mae geri
Front kick.
Morote dori
Both hands grab partner's wrist.
Mune tsuki
Thrust, straight punch to chest or stomach.
Omote
Positive move, entering to the front of the partner.
Ryo hiji dori
Two hands grab both of the partner's elbows.
Ryo kata dori
Two hands grab both of the partner's shoulder.
Ryote dori
Two hands grab both of the partner's wrists.
Shomen tsuki
Thrust, straight punch to the face.
Shomen uchi
Straight strike to the top of the head.
Suwari waza
Knee techniques.
Tachi tori
Defense against Bokken attacks.
Tachi waza
Standing techniques.
Taiho jutsu
Arrest techniques.
Tanto tori
Defense against Tanto attacks.
Ura
Negative move, entering to the rear or behind of the partner.
Ushiro
From the rear or behind.
Ushiro hiji dori
Two hands grab from behind both of the partner's elbow.
Ushiro kubi shime
Rear or neck choke with one hand from behind and grab at the wrist with the other hand.
Ushiro ryo kata dori
Two hands grab from behind both of the partner's shoulder.
Ushiro ryote dori
Two hands grab from behind both of the partner's wrists.
Yokomen uchi
Strike to the side of the head or neck.
Expand / HideLOCKS
Ikkyo
1st immobilisation lock.
Nikyo
2nd immobilisation lock.
Sankkyo
3rd immobilisation lock.
Yonkyo
4th immobilisation lock.
Gokyo
5th immobilisation lock.
Expand / HideTECHNIQUES AND THROWS
Irimi nage
Entering throw.
Juji garumi
Crossed arm throw.
Kaiten nage
Rotary throw.
Kokyu nage
Breath throw.
Kokyu-ho
Method for using breath.
Koshi nage
Hip throw.
Kote gaeshi
Wrist throw or outer wrist twist.
Shiho nage
Four directions throw.
Sumi otoshi
Corner drop throw.
Tenchi nage
Heaven and Earth throw.